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Buddha’s Wisdom, Chapters 1-7

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Buddha’s Wisdom, Chapters 1-7.

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Chapters 1-7

 

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001 Title Page

001 Title Page

002 Namo Tassa

002 Namo Tassa

003 Chapter 01 Virtue

003 Chapter 01 Virtue


Two Kings renounced the world and lived as ascetics. One day they fell into a quarrel about who should admonish the other.

004 One should be Amenable to Admonition

004 One should be Amenable to Admonition


This verse is a well-known summary of the teaching, given by all the Buddhas. In some of the Dispensations it replaced the more detailed teaching found in the Rules of Discipline (Vinaya).

005 True Cultivation

005 True Cultivation


A son asked his Father, the Bodhisatta, for advice on the spiritual life. The Father explained these six gateways leading to great benefit in life.

006 The Six Gateways to Benefit

006 The Six Gateways to Benefit


A householder asks the Buddha for advice on how to live well in his present state.

007 Eight things Leading to Prosperity

007 Eight things Leading to Prosperity


The Buddha gives instructions to the young man Sigāla on the four kinds of friends, and then tells him how to keep them.

008 Four Ways to spend Ones Wealth

008 Four Ways to spend Ones Wealth


The Buddha explains the five duties which, when fulfilled, lead to prosperity and not to decline.

009 A Wise Mans Duties

009 A Wise Mans Duties


The Householder Anāthapiṇḍika receives instruction on the right ways to make use of the wealth that has been righteously obtained.

010 The Right Uses of Wealth

010 The Right Uses of Wealth


These are the Buddha’s words at the conclusion of the instruction given to the young man Sigāla.

011 The Wise attain Fame 1

011 The Wise attain Fame 1

012 The Wise attain Fame 2

012 The Wise attain Fame 2


The teaching to Sigāla on what increases and decreases fame and good fortune.

013 Four Things not to be Done

013 Four Things not to be Done

014 Chapter 02 Wickedness

014 Chapter 02 Wickedness


A god comes and asks the Buddha various questions, including one about how many faults there are.

015 Six Faults

015 Six Faults


The Buddha explains various dangerous courses of action to the young man Sigāla.

016 Various Dangers 1

016 Various Dangers 1

017 Various Dangers 2

017 Various Dangers 2

018 Various Dangers 3

018 Various Dangers 3


The Bodhisatta, when he was King Janasandha, explained ten courses of action which, when not done, bring about regret in the future.

019 Ten Things that should be Done 1

019 Ten Things that should be Done 1

020 Ten Things that should be Done 2

020 Ten Things that should be Done 2

021 Ten Things that should be Done 3

021 Ten Things that should be Done 3

022 Ten Things that should be Done 4

022 Ten Things that should be Done 4

023 Chapter 03 Dhamma

023 Chapter 03 Dhamma


The yakkha Ālavaka asked the Buddha various questions on the spiritual life, and this verse is part of the answer.

024 Four Things to Cultivate

024 Four Things to Cultivate


Some verses that were taught to the Bodhisatta by a brahmin who had heard them from the Buddha Kassapa. He is rewarded with a thousand coins for each of the verses.

025 Four Well-Said Verses

025 Four Well-Said Verses


A rich merchant dies after living like a pauper. The Buddha explains that in a previous life he had given alms to a Paccekabuddha, and so in this life he became rich; however, he regretted it later, so he couldn’t enjoy it.

026 Merits follow one to the Next World

026 Merits follow one to the Next World


The Bodhisatta’s teaching to the man-eating King, which eventually persuades him to give up his evil habit.

027 The Priority of Truth

027 The Priority of Truth


To protect their new-born son, the Bodhisatta, the King and Queen build an iron house and keep him in it. On coming of age, though, he realises he is not safe from old age and death and proclaims twenty-four verses which culimate in the following famous verses.

028 Truth and Untruth have Different Results

028 Truth and Untruth have Different Results


Anāthapiṇḍika is reborn as a god in Heaven. Later he comes to see the Buddha and utters these words.

029 The Purification of Mortals

029 The Purification of Mortals


The Bodhisatta, reborn as the Lord of the Gods Sakka, explains the path to Heaven to his former wife.

030 The Path to Heaven

030 The Path to Heaven


A monkey-king outwits a crocodile who tries to eat him, and the crocodile acknowledges his escape with the following verse.

031 Four Things leading to Success

031 Four Things leading to Success


The Bodhisatta escapes from a man-eating ogre (rakkhasa) and the latter acknowledges his escape with the following verse.

032 Three Things leading to Success

032 Three Things leading to Success


The Bodhisatta uncovers a female monkey as the real thief of the King’s jewels, and the King praised him with the following verse.

033 Wise Discrimination

033 Wise Discrimination


The gods come to see the Buddha and praise various kinds of giving, including the gift of fearlessness.

034 The Gift of Fearlessness

034 The Gift of Fearlessness


The Buddha taught this verse in answer to a question by Venerable Ānanda.

035 The Provenance of the Buddhas

035 The Provenance of the Buddhas

036 Chapter 04 Good

036 Chapter 04 Good


The Buddha is reflecting on whether it is possible for Kings to rule the world with justice. Māra, finding this out, comes to the wrong conclusion, and tries to tempt him. The Buddha explains what is truly good.

037 The Good Things in Life

037 The Good Things in Life


The monks discuss what is the true good in the world, some say ruling, some say love, some say food. The Buddha explains what is truly good.

038 True Goodness

038 True Goodness


The Bodhisatta’s son meets some paccekabuddhas and attains Awakening and later dies. His father, when he finds out honours his grave. Afterwards when reborn the Bodhisatta attains Awakening and he is greatly honoured in a similar way.

039 Renouncing the Lesser Good for the Greater

039 Renouncing the Lesser Good for the Greater


King Pasenadi is always overeating and suffering for it. The Buddha has the King’s nephew learn and recite a verse which reminds the King to be moderate. Later the King is cured and tells him about his good fortune. The Buddha recites the following verse.

040 The Greatest Things

040 The Greatest Things


A God comes to the Buddha and asks four questions to which these are the replies.

041 Four Great Things

041 Four Great Things


A monk in the time of Buddha Kassapa dies and is reborn as a nāga. Eventually he hears that a new Buddha has arisen in the world, and goes and asks why he cannot attain rebirth as a human even after so long a time. This is the Buddha’s reply.

042 The Rare Things

042 The Rare Things


A God asks the Buddha four questions and gets the following replies.

043 Four More Good Things

043 Four More Good Things


A wife hires a courtesan to look after her husband’s needs, while she serves the Buddha and his monks. The courtesan gets angry and tries to burn her with boiling ghee, but the power of loving-kindness stops it burning.

044 Overcoming Defilements with their Opposites

044 Overcoming Defilements with their Opposites


The Gods have four questions which none of them is able to answer, they therefore go to the Buddha with their questions and this is his reply.

045 The Dhamma Surpasses All

045 The Dhamma Surpasses All


The Bodhisatta converts a man-eating King and brings him home, but the people do not feel safe. The Bodhisatta admonishes them with these verses.

046 Various Reciprical Duties

046 Various Reciprical Duties


While the Buddha is preaching the Dhamma, of five lay followers one falls asleep, another scratches the earth, one shakes a tree, another looks at the sky and only one listens attentively. The Buddha explains they were a snake, an earthworm, a monkey, an astrologer and a student of the Vedas in their previous births and behave accordingly now.

047 The Great Defilements

047 The Great Defilements


King Pasenadi asks what things when they arise are unbeneficial, unsatisfactory and uncomfortable.

048 Three Roots of Evil

048 Three Roots of Evil


King Pasenadi is overcome with desire for another man’s wife and seeks to have him killed. During the night he wakes to the sound of four people screaming. The Buddha explains they were adulterers in their previous lives and did no good deeds.

049 The Long Journey in Samsara

049 The Long Journey in Samsara


A wealthy youth takes to drink and squanders both his own and his wife’s money and ends up a beggar. The Buddha explains that if he had applied himself as a layman he would have been amongst the chief treasurers; and if he had become a monk he would have attained the paths and fruits.

050 Profiting in Neither Way

050 Profiting in Neither Way


A crocodile, wishing to get a monkey’s heart for his wife, entices a monkey onto his back, but at the critical time, the monkey persuades him that he left his heart in a tree and escapes when land is approached. A crocodile, wishing to get a monkey’s heart for his wife, entices a monkey onto his back, but at the critical time, the monkey persuades him that he left his heart in a tree and escapes when land is approached.

051 Chapter 05 Advantages

051 Chapter 05 Advantages

052 Seizing the Advantage

052 Seizing the Advantage


A goose warns a tree-god that a banyan sapling that was taking hold in its home would eventually destroy it. The warning was ignored and the tree succumbed.

053 Not all Growth is Advantageous

053 Not all Growth is Advantageous


Someone stole some ploughshares and when questioned said that mice had taken them away; in return his accusor carried off the thief’s son and said a hawk had done it. This is the Bodhisatta’s comment and solution to the problem.

054 A Cheat is Cheated in Return

054 A Cheat is Cheated in Return


A merchant used to dress his donkey up like a lion to scare away the villagers while it was eating, until one time the donkey gave the game away.

055 Keeping Quiet

055 Keeping Quiet


A goat tries with kind words to persuade a panther not to attack and eat her; the panther however didn’t listen and got his prey.

056 More than Gentle Persuasion is Sometimes Necessary

056 More than Gentle Persuasion is Sometimes Necessary


A queen is neglected by the King who lets her starve. To chastise the King the Bodhisatta spoke these verses, which led to the King repenting.

057 A Limit to Ones Duties

057 A Limit to Ones Duties


The Bodhisatta is nearly lost at sea, but through his courageous and determined effort makes it to land again. Later he reflects on his success.

058 The Necessity for Effort

058 The Necessity for Effort


A vulture who had been stealing things in the city is captured and brought before the King, and the following dialogue takes place.

059 When Faculties Wane

059 When Faculties Wane


The story is of Suppavāsā who carried her child for seven years and took seven days to bear him. Still she desired more children.

060 Craving brings Suffering

060 Craving brings Suffering


Through a strategem a sneeze wins a bride and a kingdom for a prince, but a brahmin who sneezes loses his nose.

061 Suitability

061 Suitability


In the story a man called Wicked hates his name so he is advised to search for a new one. He comes across Life who had just died, Wealthy who was poor, and Guide who was lost in a forest. Then he realised a name is just a name, nothing more.

062 A Name is Just a Name

062 A Name is Just a Name


A negligent queen gets reborn as a worm, and is made by the Bodhisatta to speak to her grieving King, who when he hears about her love for her new husband abandons his grief.

063 The Impermanence of Desire

063 The Impermanence of Desire


The Buddha describes the loathsomeness of the body and concludes the discourse with these verses.

064 Lack of Insight

064 Lack of Insight


The group of six monks chase off the group of seventeen monks and take their rooms. The Buddha lays down a rule and speaks the following verse.

065 Comparing Oneself with Others

065 Comparing Oneself with Others


As the Buddha goes on his alms-round he sees a group of boys tormenting a snake for fun. He admonishes them with this verse.

066 The Desire for Happiness

066 The Desire for Happiness


The Bodhisatta wishes to find out which is more important, virtue or learning, and takes a coin a day from the King until on the third day he is arrested. He then understands which is most valued in the world.

067 Virtue and Learning

067 Virtue and Learning

068 Chapter 06 Friends

068 Chapter 06 Friends


A King of the geese is caught by a fowler, but his Commander-in-Chief refuses to leave him. The fowler takes them to the King of Men who, impressed by their virtue, sets them free.

069 Loyalty gets its Reward

069 Loyalty gets its Reward


The Bodhisatta was one time born as a lowly god in a sacred reed (Kusanāḷi). Nevertheless he was able to save the home of a god who lived in a tree, who then spoke this verse.

070 Friendship knows no Boundaries

070 Friendship knows no Boundaries


A jackal, who saved a lion when he was in peril of losing his life, is recommended by the lion to his jealous mate.

071 Gratefulness to Friends

071 Gratefulness to Friends


People objected to someone because he was called Black-Ear; however he turned out to be a true friend. Names are not important, they are but sounds.

072 The True Friend

072 The True Friend


The Bodhisatta explains to King Brahmadatta the sixteen qualities of a foe, and the sixteen qualities of a friend.

073 The 16 Qualities of Foes and Friends 1

073 The 16 Qualities of Foes and Friends 1

074 The 16 Qualities of Foes and Friends 2

074 The 16 Qualities of Foes and Friends 2

075 The 16 Qualities of Foes and Friends 3

075 The 16 Qualities of Foes and Friends 3

076 The 16 Qualities of Foes and Friends 4

076 The 16 Qualities of Foes and Friends 4


The Buddha explains to the young man Sigāla how to distinguish bad friends and good friends.

077 Friends, Bad and Good

077 Friends, Bad and Good


The Buddha explains the seven things by which one can recognise a true friend.

078 The True Friend

078 The True Friend


Seven more things by which one can know a true friend.

079 True Freinds

079 True Freinds


A god approaches and asks four questions regarding friends and this is the Buddha’s reply.

080 Four True Friends

080 Four True Friends

081 Chapter 07 Treachery

081 Chapter 07 Treachery


The god of a Banyan tree gives presents to merchants, who out of greed decide to cut down the tree. Their chief protests with this verse, and is the only one spared retribution.

082 Gratefulness and Moderation

082 Gratefulness and Moderation


A man lost in a forest is saved by a monkey, the Bodhisatta, who, tired out, lies down to rest. The man, who is hungry, tries to kill him with a rock but fails. He is struck with leprosy, dies and is reborn in hell.

083 Gratefulness and Moderation

083 Gratefulness and Moderation


The King sends his charioteer to kill and bury his son, the Bodhisatta, whom he believes to be disabled and unlucky. The Bodhisatta appeals to the charioteer thus.

084 Not Deceiving Ones Friends 1

084 Not Deceiving Ones Friends 1

085 Not Deceiving Ones Friends 2

085 Not Deceiving Ones Friends 2

086 Not Deceiving Ones Friends 3

086 Not Deceiving Ones Friends 3


A royalist treats with kindness a great horseman who has been defeated in battle, not knowing it is the King himself. The great horseman tells him if he comes to the city he will receive his reward. One day the man comes and the King gives him half his kingdom.

087 Prudence in Giving

087 Prudence in Giving


The Bodhisatta is an ascetic who is invited by the King to stay in his park. After some time the King plots to kill him, and he decides to leave.

088 Overstaying Ones Welcome

088 Overstaying Ones Welcome

Chapters 1-7

 

Text by Ānanadajoti, Photos by Andreas Dīpaloka

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