Photographs of the Candi Pavon near Borobudur

high-definition creative commons photographs from Candi Pavon, near Borobudur, Java, showing the architecture and the reliefs, together with further information on the Candi.


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Pavon Candi

Pavon (known locally as Candi Pavon) is a Buddhist temple in Central Java, Indonesia. Located between two other Buddhist temples, Borobudur (1.75 km to the northeast) and Mendut (1.15 km to the southwest), Pavon is connected with the other two temples, all of which were built during the Sailendra dynasty (8th–9th centuries). The three temples are located on a straight line, suggesting there was a symbolic meaning that binds these temples.

The original name of this Buddhist shrine is uncertain. Pavon literally means "kitchen" in Javanese language, which is derived from the root word awu or dust. The connection to the word "dust" also suggests that this temple was probably built as a tomb or mortuary temple for a king. Pavon comes from the word Per-awu-an (place that contains dust), a temple that houses the dust of cremated king.

However who was the personage that was entombed here is still unknown. Local people name this temple as "Bajranalan" based on the name of the village. Bajranalan is derived from the sanskrit word Vajra (thunder or diamond) and Anala (fire, flame).

An examination of the detail and style of the carving of reveals that this temple is slightly older than Borobudur. The temple slightly faces northwest and stands on a square base. Each side of the stairs and the top of the gates are adorned with carved Kala-Makara, commonly found in classic Javanese temples.

The outer wall of Pavon is carved with reliefs of boddhisattvas and taras. There are also reliefs of kalpataru (tree of life), flanked between Kinnara and Kinnari. The square chamber inside is empty with a square basin in the center of it. There are rectangular small windows, which were probably for ventilation.

The roof section of the temple is crowned with five small stupas and four small ratnas. Because of its relative simplicity, symmetry and harmony, the historians dubbed this small temple as "the jewel of Javanese temple architecture", in contrast with the tall and slender East Javanese style counterparts as found in later Singhasari and Majapahit period.

Text adapted from Wikipedia, (retrieved, March 9th 2012)


Photographs by Anandajoti Bhikkhu

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